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How Beer Is Made


With fermenting techniques dating back to 2400 BCE Egypt, beer is a centuries-old celebrated alcoholic beverage. First brewed in Canada in 1646, this liquid refreshment was traditionally curated domestically. Nowadays, it’s prepared and served publicly in breweries, bars, and other entertainment spaces.

How Beer Is Made

Beer consists of four basic ingredients: malt, water, hops, and yeast. First, barley is turned into malt through germination and dehydration. Next, that malt is mixed with hot water. The chemical reaction that occurs between the grain and water converts starch to sugar– creating a pre-fermented liquid known as wort. Then, the wort is separated, boiled, chilled, and transferred to a sanitized fermenter with yeast. Brewers manipulate their crafting process to create different flavors, appearances, and aromas.


Malt is created through a process of germinating and dehydrating the grain. This is an essential ingredient due to this impact on a beer’s appearance, flavor, and mouthfeel– with consistencies ranging from watery to thick. The color of the malt is directly related to what the beer color will be. Also keep in mind that more malt means more flavor and alcohol.


Made up of over 90% in a single glass, beer requires a significant amount of water to complete its brewing process. Transforming starch into sugar, water produces the wort required for fermentation. The wort is further boiled, chilled, and, lastly, combined with yeast. Remember to only use clean and sanitized water that is safe to consume.


Hops is a natural preservative, flowering on the vines of Humulus Lupulus plants. During the boiling stage, hops are added to the wort for their antimicrobial properties and flavoring. Added at different times and in different quantities, the taste of the hops balance the bitterness while providing fruity undertones.


Yeast is a living organism that can be combined with malt, water, and hops to create craft beer. Participating in the final round of brewing, yeast is a fermentation catalyst; a key ingredient in converting the malt from its sugary substance to carbon dioxide and alcohol. A second round of fermentation can occur if additional alcohol content and sugar depletion are the desired results. Note that different yeast types and quantities impact the aroma and flavor profiles.

Niagara Craft Brewery Tours

A great way to enjoy deliciously crafted alcohol is through tours that offer tastings and education. Come check out Niagara Craft Brewery Tours for our tasting experiences in Niagara, Muskoka, London, Hamilton, and Collingwood. Offering both day and evening options, book your next tasting tour with us for craft indulgence and brew knowledge.